The Paleo diet, which is also known as the primal or Stone Age diet, is based on the premise of eating foods that hunter-gatherers ate. Proponents of the diet believe that eating the foods that were eaten by those thousands of years ago can eliminate many of the health concerns that people face today.
People who follow the Paleo diet eat food that consists of:
Grains and dairy are absent from the Paleo diet, as people who lived in the pre-civilization era didn’t have those items available to them. There are a variety of health benefits that come from eliminating modern processed food, sugar and grains as the Paleo diet promotes.
Lessens the Glycemic Load on the Body
Foods high on the glycemic index, such as sugar and grains, can cause diabetes, heart disease and obesity. The Paleo diet primarily consists of foods that are low on the glycemic index, decreasing the effect that food has on blood sugar and insulin levels and decreasing the risk of diabetes. A study published in the medical journal Diabetologia found that when compared with the Mediterranean diet, the Paleo diet resulted in lower blood sugar levels in test participants.
Provides a Healthy Balance of Protein, Carbohydrates and Fat
The American diet often consists of too many processed foods and refined carbohydrates and too little fruits and vegetables that provide the majority of vitamins and antioxidants to the body. Healthy fats from fish, lean protein from meat and healthy carbohydrates from fruits and vegetables provide a healthy, balanced diet that health experts recommend.
Promotes a Healthy Ratio of Unsaturated and Saturated Fats
Saturated fats can clog the bloodstream, raising cholesterol levels and increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke. A healthy balance of unsaturated fats from fruits, vegetables and fish and saturated fats from lean meats provides optimal health and organ function. The balanced fats on the Paleo diet reduce the workload of the heart and keep the arteries clear from clots.
Though some health experts caution against eliminating whole grains from the diet, experts agree that eliminating processed and refined foods is the best way to lower cholesterol and blood sugar levels. The Paleo diet encompasses these beliefs and promotes a healthier lifestyle through simpler food.
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